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Skin Maintenance

Skin maintenance is an important part of looking healthy. Doing exercise, practicing good nutrition, using good skin care products and staying drug free will guarantee healthy looking skin for a long period of time.

Skin is affected by how much you eat, the amount of sleep you get, exercise and nervous stress or physical tension (Nelson 75). Exercising helps the person feel good and look good by improving the way the skin looks (Nelson 25). Relaxing helps you look and feel good. Listed are some examples of relaxation exercises: yoga, meditation, visualization, hypnosis, and biofeedback (Nelson 87).

Stress can cause acne, sweating, itching, allergies, eczema, and psoriasis. Ptosis caused by stress, causes the eyelid to drop. Wrinkles and other skin damages are caused by the use of alcohol, drugs, and smoking. Drinking causes reddish and purplish marks on the cheeks and nose. Tranquilizers and downers cause shedding of the skin. Barbiturates causes blisters around the mouth, hip, ankles. Speed, amphetamines, and cocaine cause dry lips and allergic rashes. Marijuana causes the eye to turn pink (Nelson 28). Smoking causes wrinkles around the person's upper and lower lips and the corners of the eyes (Nelson79).

The skin can get damaged by too much sun, wind, water, heat, cold, scrapes, bruises, blisters and the effects of too much sweating (Nelson 26). Eczema causes dry itchy skin and malignant moles, can itch bleed and change colors and size ( Family Health 2080).

Much sun tanning causes aging and skin cancer. The sun provides the skin with vitamin D, which can cause discoloration, leathery skin, freckles, white heads, and lips cracking (Nelson 16). There are different skin types, which are damaged by the sun. Type I are persons who burn and do not tan, they have sensitive skin; Type II a person burns too much and their tans are sensitive, Type III sometimes tans and burns are sensitive, Type IV Always tans, sometimes burns minimal sensitivity, Type V Always tans, never burns; not sensitive. Type VI Black skin, not sensitive. (Nelson 40-41 ). There are also different types of sun screen you can buy to protect your skin from the sun rays. SPF 12 is for those who need sun protection without tanning. SPF 25 is recommended for those who need maximum sun protection and nourishment for their skin.

For chapped lips, treatments such as Blistex contain an aspirin like ingredient to soothe sore lips. For acne breakouts, use an antibacterial soap advised by a dermatologist. Using a mild soap such as Dove, Lowila, Basis, or Netrogena with a bath oil can replace oil lost from your skin. Alpha Hydroxy helps to remove dead skin cell. Some good lotions for removing dead skin are Lacticare, LacHydrin-5, and Moisturel Lotion. Chap Stick with sunscreen and Neutrogena Lip Protectant are good to use during the winter to prevent dry skin (Bark 70-74). Ultraviolet radiation has sun light which cause chronic skin damage such as skin cancer. Bathing and showering too much during dry weather can cause eczema ( Silver 5).

The skin serves as a protective barrier against disease organisms and mechanical injury, prevents dehydration of body tissues and helps to regulate body temperature. It contains sensory structures for receiving stimuli of touch, pressure, pain, heat, and cold (Lee 10).

It is important to maintain a healthy diet in order to ensure a smooth and clear complexion. Once people thought that eating chocolate or drinking colas would result in pimples on the faces. Many foods were thought to cause or aggravate acne, including chocolate, cola beverages, fatty or greasy foods, milk, nuts, seafood, sugar. Today's research shows that chocolate bars are off the hook, at least as far as acne is concerned. None of these foods has been shown to cause acne, and in only a very small percentage of cases does a particular food seem to aggravate acne (Watts 139).

Researchers don't know why some people get acne and others don't. Heredity may be involved, because acne tends to run in families. Also the changes in hormones associated with adolescence plays a role by increasing the activity of the glands in the skin. Although a healthy diet is necessary for overall health, particular foods cannot be singled out as the villains in acne ( Watts 140).

Diet can play a significant role in the development of health skins. Alcohol, and caffeine- containing beverages, such as coffee, tea, and colas, hot temperature beverages, extremes of heat and cold and spicy foods have all been felt to aggravate problems of the skin (Novick 194). It is recommended by doctors if you notice a relationship between any foods and your condition, you should either eliminate that food from your diet or cut its intake down drastically.

The use of certain vitamins and having a nutritious diet will contribute to the development for health skin. Vitamin B complex gives a soft shiny tone to the skin. Vitamin B2 prevents the skin from drying out and cracking. Eating milk and other dairy products such as eggs, and cheese adds to the develop of healthy skin. Green leafy vegetables, legumes, bread, and cereal are necessary for skin development (Silverstein 116). The lack of vitamins B2, B6, and B3 can cause pellagra and inflammation to the skin. Too much B2 will cause irritation and rashes to the skin. Eating foods which contain Beta Carotene such as carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, winter squashes, cantaloupe, pink grapefruit, spinach, apricots, broccoli, and dark green leaf vegetables will protect the skin from getting cancer. However, too much Beta Carotene can prevent the cause of getting cancer. However, too much Beta Carotene will cause a change in skin color and also drying and cracking of the skin (Nelson 89). The use of Vitamin A helps to keep the skin smooth and elastic. The lack of Vitamin A can lead to serious acne and other problems. Vitamin E helps to prevent premature aging. Vitamin C is used to help prevent easy bruising to the skin. A lack of protein in the body can cause skin discoloration. Also eating too much iodized salt, shelled seafood can cause serious acne problems (Silverstein 80).

Researchers have not found a cure for all problems to the skin. It has been proven that with a healthy diet and proper exercise a person can maintain healthy skin. Family health histories also play a vital part in determining any skin problems. The selections and use of the appropriate skin cleansers, lotions, and soaps will help to develop and maintain healthy skin through the many changes of the human life cycle.

Works Cited

Bark, M.D., Skin Secrets. McGraw Hill Book Company: New York, 1987.

Burton, B.T., and W.R., Foster, Human Nutrition. New York: Mc Graw Hill, 1988.

Lee, Diet and Nutrition. New York: Franklin Watts, 1986.

Nelson M.D. , Saving Face. New York: Franklin Watts, 1986.

Novick, M.D., Skin Care For Teens. New York: Mc Graw Hill, 1988.

Novick Lee Nelson M.D. Super Skin. New York: 1988. Publishing Company.

"Skin". Family Health Vol. 19, Oct., 1989. pg. 2080-2087.

Silver, M., Living Nutrition. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1984.

Silverstein, A., Health Skin Care. New York: Morrow Junior Books, 1990.

Seamens, Dan, "Vitamins in Human Nutrition," East West, Natural Health

Vol.. 5, Social Issues Resources Series, Inc., 1992. Art. 19.

Watts, M., Nutrition and Exercise. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1986,



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